Monday, 9 January 2017

We - white Africans

Jakub Koreyba that unites Russia, Ukraine and Poland

 
The fight in the South African parliamentRodger Bosch / AP
The fight in the South African parliament
The Soviet Union disappeared a quarter of a century ago, but we are seeing every day - it is alive and well in the minds of people. To analyze the nature of the post-colonial countries of Eastern Europe of political systems is no better material than today's Russia, Ukraine and Poland.
Since the beginning of "euromaidan" a significant part of the information space in Poland and Russia took the situation in Ukraine: Polish and Russian are sitting in the stands on both sides of the Ukrainian political field and not hiding emotions, watch brutal match between "old" and "new" in the neighboring country .
"Big brother" to the Soviet and the European Union are sick of their own, give advice, evaluate the quality of the game, trying to push a change of players and challenge the decisions of the judges, and in between a low voice say to themselves, as well, that we have not, we are in a different league, and then go to their works (for some it is a struggle for the EU budget, for someone - for Aleppo) that after some time to go and eager to cheer for their great geopolitical field between Lviv and Luhansk.
In all of this the western and eastern neighbors of Ukraine are faced with exactly the same problems that people are experiencing on the Dnieper, and ask themselves the same questions: who are we? where our place? which way to go?
The reason is that, whether we like it or not, the deceased Soviet Union (for some - our mother, for others - a harsh stepmother) was formed as our political consciousness and public institutions (including the base, such as borders, which all we have drawn a clear handwriting of Joseph Stalin) and posthumously continues to be one of the main factors of political culture in our countries.
The level of passion in relation to Ukraine caused not only by the fact that it is (according to Brzezinski) geopolitical core of the region and on whom will join depends on the international status of Russia and Poland, and the whole balance of power in Central and Eastern Europe.
The fact is, though, certainly not like to admit it, we are looking at Ukraine as in a mirror, looking at it (of course, in a curve, and increased or reduced form) face their own political and social system - the classical problems of transition from colonial empire the integration associations, which is complicated by the fact that none of us (to varying degrees and for different reasons) did not manage to build a classic nation-state. From there, the problems with the integration vector of choice: how to share sovereignty if we are not sure that we have it?
Yes, probably, Ukraine - is European Somalia. But then Russia - is of Congo and Cameroon is similar to Poland. In fact, his political consciousness, we are all white Africans, and perhaps they will stay and a few more generations.
The fact that long and stay deep in the Soviet empire - as a metropolis, inside or outside prison - has left a legacy in the minds of people that continues to shape the political everyday life in our countries and, in fact, prevents all of us to build a normal state. Metayas between the "leap into the future" and "a step back in time", sometimes we do not notice that we are standing still, and so it seems superfluous to calculate the basic components of the post-colonial heritage.
Firstly, the absence of national idea. As a result of long-term ban on the expression in the life of the natural national aspirations (and at the same time a chance to "run" - that is leading to realistic and civilized forms of these aspirations) a situation in which one part of society absolutizes nation and the state (for example, from among the most bright - participants of Russian march, heirs of Bandera, the Polish neo-endeki) and the second - on the contrary, calls quickly melted state in broader associations until the complete negation of the meaning of his existence (as in the case of a part of the elite of the Crimea and the Donbass, the Russian Empire-expansionists for which Russia within its present borders is the ugly child of Bialowieza collusion or Polish progressive Euro-federalists).
Both of these abnormal flow capture more and more supporters, leaving very little space for national ideological straight. (By the way, the fixation on expanding and deepening the integration of a very interesting way to replace the traditional expansionism also in Germany, but this is a topic for an entirely different conversation.)
Second, the lack of a national elite in its classic sense. Since several generations the ruling circles were formed on the basis of (positive or negative) relationship to the state, formed and configured to serve the non-national interests, as a result we got elite split into "natives" (former dissidents and their heirs) and "colonial sergeants "(former nomenclature and its students): neither one nor the other is not" normal "presentation on the functioning of the classical nation-state and the necessary know-how to create it (which is a good illustration of the Polish political system, which replaced the" mafia " comes "sect" - and so through elections).
The first "continue to struggle," begun in the ranks of the anti-communist underground and / or emigration movement, searching for "traitors" and excluding whole groups of citizens from Polishness, Ukrainian and Russian-ness. The second scare yourself and the world outlook "primitive nationalism", massacres and "Kato Taliban", which inevitably "come out" of the soul of the people, if we let the "mob" to govern.
As a result, instead of the normal political competition and exchange of arguments obtained death battle between the "traitors of national interests" and "carousing Black Hundreds", which, by definition, there is no room for compromise, and the goal is not a belief, and destroy the enemy.
From the above it follows a third: the lack of consensus on the content of national interest until the complete (in the case of some prominent ideological trendsetters of modern Russia) rejection of the term, saying that the national interests we have, there are only imperial.
This is not surprising, because they are a very long time (in Poland - from the end of the XVIII century with a short break at the Pilsudski, in Russia - a revolution, and the Ukraine - have never before the collapse of the USSR) were not formulated at the state level as a guideline for real action, and any attempt to conceptualizing ever done in complete isolation from reality (as in the case of emigration circles) or cruelly suppressed for the sake of unity of the imperial system.
In the context of the lack of a legitimate elite and rigid ideological struggle for the meaning of existence of the state it is impossible to articulate a list of goals and priorities, and as a result of knocks and the state apparatus in the form of administration, the police, the courts and all other institutions that receive conflicting directives.
the disease in the most severe form (as it is a political manic-depressive neurosis) takes place in Ukraine,
which for historical reasons, in contrast to Poland and Russia, it has never had the possibility of nationalization of the collective aspirations of their people and only begins to form a consensus for all residents to answer the question, "why there is our country."
In this case, it is not an insult Ukraine, and its justification, because until recently it was unclear what the essence of national interests (each of the political parties formulated their very alternative way), the government is not an instrument for their implementation, but simply a means of obtaining administrative rent . How can we be surprised that the MPs take bribes for pressing of a button, if the whole of their choice completely neprintsipialen, since the ultimate goal of adoption of certain decisions (in the plane of national rather than personal or clan interests) and so no one is incomprehensible.
However, Ukraine is not a unique case, such events take place in Poland and Russia, just in Kiev they are more spontaneous and less embarrassing, so to speak, in cash.
The above elements of the post-colonial heritage largely determine the state of political culture of our three countries, and therefore did not translate into a very comforting in relation to their enormous potential output.
During this whole situation of optimism is the fact that our situation is not unique. To our ET Fortunately, the story is dynamic, linear process, and she knows a lot of examples of successful overcoming of colonial reflexes, traumas and complexes.
Perhaps a quarter of a century, when we will celebrate 50 years of the disappearance of the Soviet Union, relations between Russia and Ukraine will acquire a shape similar if not the UK and Canada, at least for France and Algeria. A Polish-Russian relations, but today it seems pure fiction, have every chance to get closer, if not to the British-American, then certainly to the Spanish-Mexican or Luso-Brazilian model. As they say in Moscow, only time will tell.
Finally, a terminological remark for all those who read this article (in the optimistic to the author's version) or the name (in the version pessimistic), will inevitably accuse me of racism and cultural chauvinism: the term "African" is used in the text only in the socio-political and does not in the ethnic sense, given the state of affairs in Eastern Europe, is the most praise for the people of the Dark continent, which often cope with the colonial legacy is much better than us.

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